The word yoga is often interpreted as “union” or a method of discipline from the Sanskrit word “Yuj” (yoke or connection). A male practitioner is called a yogi, a yogi practitioner.
The modern Western approach to yoga is not based on any particular faith or religion, but yoga has its roots in Hinduism and Brahmanism. Yoga was developed by seers or ascetics who live mainly in the southern regions of India. Seers watched nature and lived as close to Earth as possible, studying many aspects of nature, animals, and themselves. By observing and imitating the various views and customs of the animal world, they were able to develop grace, strength, and wisdom.
Through this highly disciplined life, the practice of yoga postures has been developed. It was necessary to develop a series of poses so that the body was flexible and able to withstand long periods of silence during meditation.
The scripture …
Brahmanism goes back to the content of the scriptures called the Vedas. These texts contain instructions and spells. It was in the earliest text of the Rig Veda from the scriptures that the word Yoga first appeared, almost 5,000 years ago. The fourth text, called Atharva Veda, mainly contains spells for magical rites and healing procedures, many of which use medicinal plants. This text has given the ordinary person spells and spells for use in their daily lives, and this practice of the Vedas can still be seen on the streets of India today.
Bhagavad-gita, another ancient work on the spiritual life, describes itself as a treatise of yoga, although it uses the word yoga as a spiritual means. It was from this literature that the “eight parts of yoga” of Patanjali were developed. Yoga sutras are mainly associated with the development of the “nature of the mind,” and I will explain more about this in the next section.
Gratias, a group of fertility priests who worshiped Rudra, the god of the wind, tried to imitate the sound of the wind with their singing. They found that they could produce sound through breath control, and through this practice of breath control, Pranayama was formed. Pranayama is the practice of controlling breathing in yoga.
The Upanishads, the sacred revelations of ancient Hinduism, developed two disciplines of karma yoga – the path of action and jnana yoga – the path of knowledge. The paths were designed to help relieve the student of suffering and ultimately get relief.
The teachings of the Upanishads were different from the teachings of the Vedas. The Vedas demanded external sacrifices to the gods in order to live an abundant and happy life. The Upanishads, through the practice of karma yoga, focused on the inner sacrifice of the ego in order to free themselves from suffering. Instead of sacrificing crops and animals (externally), it was the sacrifice of the inner ego that became the main philosophy, this yoga became known as the path of renunciation.
Yoga also shares some of the characteristics of Buddhism that can be traced in history. In the sixth century BC, Buddhism also emphasizes the importance of meditation and the practice of physical postures. Siddhart Gautama was the first Buddhist to study yoga.
What is Yoga Sutra and how did yoga philosophy evolve?
The Yoga Sutra is a collection of 195 statements that are essentially ethical guidelines for leading a moral life and integrating the science of yoga into it. It was believed that an Indian sage by the name of Patanjali collected this more than 2000 years ago and became the cornerstone of the philosophy of classical yoga.
The word sutra literally means “thread” and is used to denote a certain form of written and oral communication. Because of the rude style, sutras are written in which the student must rely on the guru to interpret the philosophy within. The meaning in each of the sutras can be adapted to the specific needs of the student.
Yoga Sutra is a yoga system, but there is no description of any posture or asana! Patanjali has developed a guide to living the right life. The essence of his teachings is “the eightfold path of yoga” or “the eight limbs of Patanjali.” These are Patanjali’s suggestions to lead a better life through yoga.
Controlling posture and breathing, the two main yoga practices are described as the third and fourth limbs in the eight-armed path of Patanjali to self-realization. The third practice of poses is modern yoga today. When you engage in yoga, you will notice
This is how we relate to ourselves, our inner discipline:
O Purity (Shawkat). Achieving purity through the practice of the five Yam. Treat your body like a temple and take care of it.
o Contentment (santosha). Find happiness in what you have and what you do. Take responsibility for where you are, find happiness right now, and decide to grow.
Ernst (tapas): develop self-discipline. Exercise discipline in body, speech, and mind to strive for a higher spiritual goal.
o Study of the sacred text (svadhyaya). Education. Study books about you that inspire and teach you.
Living with the consciousness of the Divine (Ishvara-pranidhana). Be true to what your god is or what you see as divine.
3.asana (posture) –
These are yoga poses:
o To create a flexible body, sit for a long time, and calm the mind. If you can control the body, you can also control the mind. Patanjali and other ancient yogis used asanas to prepare the body for meditation.
Only practicing yoga postures can benefit health. It can be started at any time and at any age. As we get older, we tense, remember the last time you crouched to lift something, and how did you feel? Imagine getting older than fifty, sixty, seventy, and whether you can still touch your toes or balance on one leg. Did you know that most injuries in the elderly are related to falls? We tend to lose balance as we age and exercising something that will help is definitely an advantage.
The fourth limb, breath control, is a good tool to use if you are interested in learning meditation and relaxation …….
4.pranayama (breathing) – breath control:
inhale, hold your breath and exhale
o The breathing exercise promotes concentration and meditation. Prana is the energy that exists everywhere; it is the life force that flows through us all through our breath.
- pratyahara (elimination of feelings),
o Pratyahara is a distraction from the senses. This happens during meditation, breathing exercises, or practicing yoga postures. If you control Pratyahara, you can focus and concentrate, and not be distracted by external sensations.
- Dharana (concentration) – training the mind to concentrate.
o When concentrated, there is no sense of time. The goal is to calm the mind, for example by concentrating the mind on one object and pushing thoughts. Real Dharana is when the mind can concentrate effortlessly.
- Dhyani (meditation) – a state of meditation
o Concentration (Dharana) leads to a state of meditation. In meditation, a person has an elevated consciousness and is one with the universe. No distractions are known.
- samadhi (absorption) – absolute bliss
o Absolute bliss is the ultimate goal of meditation. This is a state of unity with you and your god or deity, this is when you and the universe are one.
All eight limbs work together: the first five are connected to the body and the brain pit, niama asana, pranayama and pratyahara – these are the basic principles of yoga and provide a platform for spiritual life. The last three are about restoring the mind. They are designed to help a practitioner achieve enlightenment or unity with the Spirit.
How do you choose the type of yoga that suits you?
The type of yoga you choose to practice depends entirely on your preferences, which is why we’re looking here to get you started. Some types hold poses longer, others pass through faster. Some styles focus on body alignment, others on rhythm and postures, meditation, and spiritual realization. They all adapt to the physical condition of the student.
Therefore, you need to determine the style of yoga based on your individual psychological and physical needs. You may just want powerful workouts, want to focus on developing your flexibility or balance. Do you want to focus more on meditation or only on health aspects? Some schools provide relaxation, some focus on strength and agility, others focus on being more aerobic.
I suggest you try a few different lessons in your area. I noticed that there may even be differences between teachers in a certain style in how the student likes the class. It is important to find a teacher with whom you feel comfortable to really enjoy and thereby create a long life in what you practice.
When you start studying postures and adjusting them to your body, you can feel at home. All types of yoga have ranges that you can practice working with different parts of your body. A fifteen-minute workout in the morning is possible
Pananjali in the Yoga Sutras. Raja is part of the classical Indian system of Hindu philosophy.
Hatha Yoga, also Hatha Vidya, is a special yoga system founded by Swatmarama, the 15th-century yogic sage in India. Swatmarama wrote Hatha Yoga Pradipika, which introduced the Hatha Yoga system. Hatha yoga comes from a number of different traditions. This comes from the traditions of Buddhism, including Hinayana (the narrow way) and Mahayana (the great way). It also comes from the traditions of tantra, including sahajayana (the spontaneous path) and Vajrayana (regarding sexuality). In hatha yoga, there are different branches or styles of yoga. This form of yoga works through the physical environment of the body using postures, breathing exercises, and cleansing practices.
Hatha Yoga of Swatmarama differs from Raja Yoga of Patanjali in that it focuses on Shatkarma, the “purification of the physical” as the path leading to the “purification of the mind” and “vital energy”. Patanjali begins with a “cleansing of the mind and soul,” and then a “body” through posture and breathing.
Basic Yoga Schools
There are about forty-four basic schools of yoga and many others that also claim yoga. Some of the main schools are Raja Yoga and Hatha Yoga (as mentioned above). There is also Pranayama Yoga and Kundalini Yoga, which come from Hatha. Jnana, Karma, Bhakti, Ashtanga, and Iyengar are descended from Raji.
Yoga styles arising in Hatha include:
The word pranayama means prana, energy, and Ayama to stretch. Regulation of breathing, lengthening, extension, length, stretching, and control describes the work of yoga pranayama. Some pranayama breathing tests are included in general hatha yoga exercises (to eliminate breathing difficulties).
This school of yoga is completely built around the concept of prana (vital energy). There are about 99 different poses, many of which are based on or similar to physical breathing exercises.
Pranayama also means cosmic power, or the power of the entire universe, which manifests itself as a conscious living being in us through the phenomenon of breathing.
Kundalini Yoga according to the tradition of Yogi Bhajan, transferred the style to the west in 1969. This is a very spiritual approach to hatha yoga, which consists of the techniques of singing, meditation, and breathing, which are used to increase the energy of kundalini, which is located at the base of the spine.
Yoga styles appearing in Raja include:
Raja Yoga / Ashtanga Yoga
Raja means royal or royal. It is based on managing someone’s life force to balance the mind and emotions. Thus, attention can then be turned to the object of meditation, namely the divine. Raja Yoga or Ashtanga Yoga is one of the four main paths of Hinduism in yoga. Others are Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, and Bhakti Yoga. Raja or Ashtanga comes from the philosophy of the “eight parts of yoga” compiled by Patanjali.
Power Yoga was conceived thanks to the teachings of Sri K. Pattabhi Jois, a famous Sanskrit scholar who inspired Western Yogis with his style and philosophy of ashtanga yoga. Therefore, it is often called the western version of Ashtanga Yoga in India.
Power yoga is strong and athletic and therefore very popular among men. It works with the student’s mental attitude and perspective and integrates eight parts of yoga into practice.
Jnana (sometimes spelled Gnana) means wisdom, and jnani is a wise person. It is sometimes called the “yogi of discernment.”
This form of yoga focuses on the study of objects of inner life and adhiatmia, the practice of certain relaxing and contemplative, meditative kriyas. The main goal of jnana meditation is to extract the mind and emotions from the perception of life and yourself in a deceptive way so that you can see and live in harmony with reality or the mind. This form of yoga focuses on meditation at work.
to transformation and enlightenment.
Karma means action. Karma yoga is based on the discipline of action, based on the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita, the Hindu scripture. This selfless service yoga focuses on duty (dharma) while avoiding rewards. Karma is the sum of our actions both in real life and in previous births.
Bhakti yoga has many stages in its practice. Bhakti means “devotion,” and Guna Bhakti means to worship according to your nature. A practitioner of bhakta yoga is not limited to any particular culture or religious denomination, this approach is more focused on inner life than on a fully devoted one. It’s theirs
It doesn’t matter whether you believe in something or not, the only quality is an openness to mind and heart, unexpected and unknown.
Those who read about quantum physics, where every atom in the universe is associated with basic reality, will be able to compare this to the philosophy behind bhakti-yoga.
Iyengar Yoga was developed in India by B.K. Iyengar, born December 14, 1918. At the age of 16, he was introduced to yoga by his guru Sri T. Krishnamacharya. Iyengar Yoga is currently one of the most popular styles practiced in the West.
Instructors are very knowledgeable about the anatomy and the exact position of the body for each pose. Less attention is paid to pranayama or breathing techniques, as well as mediation, and therefore why this practice is popular in the West.
Iyengar Yoga emphasizes the correct position of the legs to ensure the alignment of the spine and hips. Iyengar has developed many different supports and methods to serve people in their practice.
Integral Yoga or Purna Yoga
Integral Yoga is a synthesis yoga that harmonizes the paths of karma, jnana and bhakti-yoga. It is developed by Swami Satchidananda.
It is also considered to be a synthesis between the Vedanta (Indian philosophical system) and Tantra (Asian beliefs and practices that use the principle that divine energy creates and supports the universe, leading energy into the human microcosm). This is also explained as a synthesis of Eastern and Western approaches to spirituality.
Positions are softer than other forms of yoga, and classes usually end with long periods of deep relaxation, breathing, and meditation. Integral yoga is a comprehensive approach to hatha yoga.
Sivananda Yoga offers a gentle approach. This includes meditation, singing, and deep relaxation in every session. Students are encouraged to be healthy, including vegetarians.
Bikrams Yoga was founded by Bikram Chowdhury, taught by Bishnoi Ghosh, brother of Paramahansa Yogananda. Bikrams Yoga is usually given in a room with a temperature of 95 to 105 degrees.
The heat helps to soften muscles and ligaments. There are about 26 positions, and this yoga provides a real workout due to the heat. Therefore, in this yoga, more attention is paid to the physical fulfillment of postures, and not to the sides of relaxation and meditation.
Some of the great teachers …
All styles have a common family tree. The founders of the two main yoga styles, Raja / Ashtanga and Avenger, were students of the same great teacher called Krishnamacharya.
Sri T. Krishnamacharya was born in Muchukunte village, Karnataka, in 1888. His formal education, mainly in Sanskrit, included degrees from various universities in North India. For seven years he studied with an excellent yogi in western Tibet: Rama Mohan Brahmachari, who taught him the therapeutic use of asanas and pranayama. Then he returned to South India and established a yoga school in Maharaja Mysore palace. He died at the age of 101 in 1988.
Integral Yoga and Sivananda Yoga were also founded by students of another great teacher called Sivananda. Swami Sivananda Saraswati was born in Kuppuswami in Pattamadai, Tamil Nadu, India. A Hindu by birth, he is a famous advocate of Yoga and Vedanta (the main branch of Hindu philosophy).
It is believed that he has written more than 300 books on this and related subjects in his life. In 1936, he founded the new religious movement, the Society of Divine Life, on the banks of the Ganges River. He died on July 14, 1963.
Which type is right for you?
These are not all types of yoga available, but the brief explanation of each clearly shows that the practice of yoga can vary significantly. Everyone uses physical postures and breathing to strengthen the body for meditation, which is an integral part of yoga.
Here it is important that the student understands what he wants from the practice of yoga and chooses a style that takes this into account. If you try one and don’t think it’s physical enough, try the other because it will be completely different. If you start too demanding, shift gears until you find the exercise for yourself.
Some of us just want to work on the body, and some want to focus more on the method of seeking self-realization for whatever reason, I’m sure there are plenty of styles to develop them and develop every day to meet our needs.
You are never too old to start yoga. I met people over seventy, started for the first time, and experienced changes in life.